What is Full Stack Web Development

What is Full Stack Web Development

Full-stack developers are highly in demand today, owing to their diverse coding skills and their proficiency to develop the front-end and back-end of an application.


Full-Stack Developer: A full-stack web developer is someone who has the knowledge of various coding languages for the front-end design and development of a website along with the back-end, and is proficient in the management and maintenance of Linux servers. So in essence, a full stack developer is someone who handles every aspect of a website from the front-end, back-end, server-side, and also deals with the database management system.


Skill Requirements:

To be a successful full-stack developer, you need to be proficient in the below-mentioned skills: 

Basic Designing Abilities: The knowledge of designing is recommended, as the principle of basic prototype design and UI UX design. UX is the interaction and experience that users have with a company's products and services whereas UI is the specific asset users interact with. For example, UI deals with traditional concepts like visual design elements such as colors and typography. Basic designing abilities also include the knowledge of Photoshop, WordPress, and analytical skills, etc. 


Proficiency in Web Development Frameworks: In computer programming, a framework is a concept where a general functionality provided by the software can be changed exclusively with an added user-written code, accordingly presenting application-specific software. A standard technique to develop and install applications is provided by frameworks.

The popular web development frameworks include

  • Laravel

  • Angular JS 

  • React node JS 

Laravel, an open-source PHP framework has confined the thoughts of web developers over time.

Angular is also an open-source JavaScript framework used for front-end development, most dynamic web applications are built using this particular framework.

React is also a library for building composable user interfaces. It supports the design of reusable UI components which offer data that vary over time. Unlike Angular, React is not a complete application framework, it is just a view layer. There are many more frameworks that can be used for web development. So it is important to have in-depth knowledge about all these frameworks to become a full-stack web developer.


Mobile Support and SEO: SEO is more about how the page is indexed; this depends on how it is scrawled, so this aspect is related more to the front-end web development. If all the aspects involved in SEO are taken into account, such as time to render a page and whether the site implements HTTP, then the in-depth knowledge about different aspects of web development is also an important factor to consider. 


Knowledge of Project Management Tools: These tools help an individual or a group to proficiently systematize work, handle projects and tasks. Any project management tasks are much easier to accomplish by having the right tools. For advanced multifunctional software, the following project management tools will be ideal, such as Asana, Jira, Trello, and many more.

  • Asana combines the elements of project management, file storage, and collaboration. It also helps to manage projects across a team without email.

  • Jira is a cross-platform, issue, and bug tracking software along with highly developed project management resources and attributes.

  • Trello is known for visualizing project tasks on cardboard like the dashboard, which is great for managing short and quick everyday assignments.


HTTP and REST API: Hypertext Transfer Protocol is the life of the web. It is used to transfer a document or make an AJAX request. REST is a simple way to organize interactions between the independent systems, it has been growing in popularity since 2005 and inspires the rest of services such as the Twitter API. The reason being that REST allows interaction with minimal overhead with clients as diverse as mobile phones and other websites. HTTP is a stateless application protocol on the Internet that allows clients to communicate with servers, enables the communication between the front end web page and the back end. 


Profound knowledge of Version Control Systems: A system that records changes to a file or set of files over time to recall the changes a few versions later. The benefit of using version control tools is the capability to deal with an indefinite number of individuals operating on a similar codebase, devoid of making sure the files are delivered back and forth.


The popular and most preferred open-source version control systems and tools include


  • Git

SVN is, in general, the version control system that has an extensive implementation. Most structures of open-source projects utilize subversion as a lot of other large products like Ruby, Python, Apache, etc use it too.

Git is regarded as the latest and fast-emerging star with respect to version control systems.

Fluency in Database management: Database is an orderly compilation of data normally stored and accessed automatically from a computer system. Databases are complex and built-up with formal design and modelling methods. The database layer is a massive hub of information, it contains the database repository which captures and stores information from the front end through the back end. A prerequisite is to know how data is stored, edited, and retrieved from different databases such as MySQL and MongoDB. Full-stack developers must program the webserver to respond with the right resources so the main aim of the webserver should be to respond with the correct resources, and not the acquisition of these resources. The web server is connected to a database that is continuously pulled on receiving some requests. This application is programmed using server-side languages like Java, Python, PHP, Node.js, etc.


Back-End Technologies: Understanding of how a website or a web application is built, what tools and technologies are used, the role of a full-stack developer is to create and maintain the front end and the back end of a webpage. A back-end developer designs and maintains the web server application and the database which permits the front-end of the website to function. To make the server, application, and database correspond with one another, the back-end developers utilize server-side languages like PHP, Ruby, Python Java, and .NET. They also need to have prior knowledge on databases such as MySQL, SQL to fetch, store, or edit data and then serve it back to the user in the front-end. There are frameworks used in the front-end technologies, but there is another framework that works in the backend too: Node.js, which is an open-source cross-platform JavaScript. 


Front-End Technologies: To master front-end web development, knowledge of many languages is required and the main languages are HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. HTML is the skeleton of every web page; it defines the structure of the web. It is used to design the content of the browser to be structured by defining the different parts of a webpage (the content of web pages can be defined within the HTML tags). The web uses CSS to add style to a web page. JavaScript can run natively on the browser which means most of the web browsers like Google Chrome, Safari, Internet Explorer have a JavaScript engine embedded into them. This JavaScript engine translates the JavaScript code such that it can run on the browser. Along with the programming languages, there are some important frameworks in front end technologies such as the ANGULAR, REACT, and VUE. 


Understanding of Web Architecture: Web architecture is the abstract structure of the WWW (World Wide Web) or the Internet, a frequently varying medium that facilitates communication among different users and the technical interaction between different systems and subsystems. All web-based database applications have three primary components

  • Web browser/Client   

  • Web application server 

  • Database server 

Web server architecture is the consistent layout or pattern of a web server based on which a web server is created, developed, and installed. It describes the structural design layout and module of a web server, necessary to carry out the required web server centred operations and services. So a full-stack web developer needs to be very proficient with web architecture.

 A full-stack developer needs to have prior knowledge about running the application on operating systems like Linux, Windows, and so on as all of these applications run on an operating system. 


Why Full Stack Development?


• The benefit of becoming proficient in essential skill sets.

• Various growth preferences.

• An opportunity to have a role in innovative and long-term projects.

• Rise in job opportunities and learning curve.

• Higher income than other similar streams.


Career Opportunities

Software Developer: Software development is involved with creating, documenting, conceptualizing, programming, improving, testing, and maintaining software, software components, and frameworks.


System Analyst: System analysts are also called system architects and their majority of work lies in learning about the industry’s existing computer systems and methods and build up solutions to assist the industry function proficiently and successfully.


IT Manager: Information technology managers are involved with planning, coordinating, and directing activities that deal with the computer and information systems of a company. IT managers are in charge of the installation and maintenance of the hardware, software, and the network of an organization.


Information Security Analyst: Information security analysts are responsible for installing software, such as firewalls, to protect a company’s networks. Information security analysts’ role plan and carry out security measures that protect an organization’s computer networks and systems. Information Security Analysts are paramount due to the increase in the number of cyberattacks.


Database Administrator: The responsibility of a database administrator (DBA) is the performance, integrity, and security of a database. They are involved in the planning and development of the database, as well as troubleshooting any issues encountered by the users.


Web developer: A web developer designs layouts of a website based on the specifications of a company. The role of a web developer is to consider user experience and functionality, so knowledge on both graphic design and computer programming is necessary.


Network Architect: A computer network architects’ main responsibility is to build and design data communication networks, including wide-area networks (WANs), local area networks (LANs), and intranets. Network architects must have immense knowledge of a company’s business plan to create a network that will help the company achieve its goals.


Systems Administrator: The major responsibility of a computer systems administrator is to take care of a company’s workflow and maintain its lines of communication open. Systems administrators are in charge of the maintenance, restoration, design, and the consistent performance of computer systems; particularly multi-user computers, for instance, servers.


Support Specialist: A Network support specialist is involved with analyzing, troubleshooting, and evaluating problems in the computer network. A computer support specialist’s role is to provide technical support or assistance to computer users and companies.


Programmer: A computer programmer is mainly responsible for designing, writing, testing, debugging, and maintaining the source code of computer programs. These source codes are written in different programming languages so the computer can ‘understand’ it and follow a developer’s commands.


To conclude, Full-stack development is a promising career opportunity for aspirant professionals planning to launch a career in technology or a qualified developer planning to accelerate their career to the next level.

Written By


Rini is an auto, technology enthusiast who has majored in Automotive embedded systems. Currently, she is working as a technology career counsellor at Skill At Will to help individuals identify their career paths in tech and help them build a better career. She enjoys enlightening others through her technology blogs and articles.


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